O Papel do Exercício Físico no Tratamento das Doenças Reumáticas: Revisão Narrativa

Tiago Costa, Sandra Falcão, Jaime Branco

Resumo


O presente estudo teve por objetivo realizar uma revisão narrativa sobre a importância do exercício físico nos doentes com doenças reumáticas, em geral e de cada uma em particular, e consequentemente na qualidade de vida dessas pessoas. Procurou-se perceber qual o tipo de exercício mais adequado para as diferentes doenças reumáticas, como tal foram agrupadas por diferentes grupos. Foi realizada busca na base de dados PubMed a fim de identificar artigos relevantes que tratassem dessa associação. Utilizaram-se os seguintes descritores em língua inglesa: exercise, physical activity, rheumatic diseases, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, spondyloarthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, fibromyalgia, osteoarthritis, osteoporosis. O exercício físico como qualquer outro tratamento não medicamentoso das doenças reumáticas deve ser abordado de diferentes formas, de maneira integrada e individualizada para cada doente. Fortes evidências apontaram benefícios do exercício físico: melhorar a aptidão aeróbica, a força muscular, a mobilidade articular, a aptidão funcional e até mesmo o humor, sem dano articular significativo ou agravamento do processo inflamatório. Não demonstrou existir um protocolo de exercício físico padrão, e consenso quanto ao melhor tipo, intensidade, frequência e duração de exercício físico no tratamento das doenças reumáticas.


Palavras-chave


Doenças Reumáticas; Exercício; Terapia por Exercício.

Texto Completo:

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Referências


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.25759/spmfr.227

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Revista da Sociedade Portuguesa de Medicina Física e de Reabilitação